In Brazil, a parliamentary bloc rules Congress. They have the power to make and unmake presidents.
By Eleonore Moreau
In 2016, they got 80% approval for the indictment of Dilma Rousseff which will lead to his dismissal and in 2018 the victory of I have r Bolsonaro is largely due to their support. With 347 deputies out of 513, the ” BBB for Ball, Ox and Bible brings together the lobbies agribusiness, pro-guns and evangelists.
Among them, the evangelicals are not to be underestimated. With 90 deputies and 3 senators out of 81, those nicknamed by the press the ” Brancada evangelica hinders all actions that go against the precepts of their Church. In Brazil, out of 215 million inhabitants, the vast majority of the population is Catholic and a third is Evangelical. And according to the institute Datafolha (independent polling institute)60% of Brazilians believe that the religious question is decisive in their choice of vote. To have the support of the Evangelical Church is to have the vote of nearly 65 million Brazilians.
Bolsonaro has used it beforeCatholic by birth, he got involved in politics with the Christian Democrat party in 1990 where he became a deputy. In 2016, he sealed his alliance with the Evangelical Church by being baptized by an Evangelical pastor in the Jordan River in Israel. During his first presidential campaign, he held speeches against same-sex marriage and abortion and openly opposed secularism even though Brazil had been a secular state since 1891.
The evangelical pastors behind Bolsonaro
They will be rewarded after his election with key positions in government. damares Alves, a pastor and ultra-conservative lawyer wanting to legalize conversion therapy for homosexuals, becomes Minister of Human Rights, Family and Women. Evangelicals will push Jair Bolsonaro to choose Ricardo Velez Rodriguezfar-right theologian, as Minister of Education. Staying in this position for three months, he set up an emergency number for students to denounce teachers who made communist comments or were contrary to good evangelical values.
The 2022 election has reshuffled the cards. The two candidates, to turn the election to their advantage, instrumentalized religion. Some Christians lean towards Luladisappointed with the lack of action by Bolsonaro towards the most deprived, others for Bolsonaroblaming Lula to be interested in religion only to win the election. Michelle Bolsonaro was announcing that this campaign was a battle of good against evil.
Lula won theelection presidential election on October 30, but the composition of Congress resulting from the legislative elections of October 2 is still just as conservative. His room for maneuver to govern is therefore very narrow and he will have to take care not to offend the powerful “ BBB“.