The environmental future of Brazil and the great debt with which it arrives at COP27

Brazil faces a series of setbacks and socio-environmental challenges, deepened during the Bolsonaro mandate, such as the increase in deforestation and the violation of the rights of indigenous peoples. For this reason, the country will reach the next COP27 with the worst results in recent years, according to experts. However, there are high expectations that this will change after the election that catapulted Lula da Silva as the future president.

Last Sunday, October 30, the Brazilian population returned to the polls to elect the president who will accompany them for the next four years. Jair Bolsonaro (Liberal Party) obtained 58,206,354 votes, while Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (Workers’ Party) prevailed with 60,345,999 votes, so he will govern Brazil for the third time from January 1, 2023.

In addition to the economic challenges in public accounts, employment, inequality, health and security, Lula still has the responsibility to protect indigenous peoples and biodiversity, ahead of the most important international climate summit: COP27. However, could the change of government impact Brazil’s participation in the climate negotiations?

Lula together with indigenous communities in a campaign event in Belém. Photo: Ricardo Stuckert

The United Nations Conference on Climate Change, COP 27, will take place in Sharm el-Sheik, in Egypt, between November 6 and 18. According to some climate specialists, Brazil has the worst results in recent years, with increasing rates of deforestation, an increase in the number of fires and plans to expand the production of fossil fuels such as gas and oil. This reality has triggered the murder of environmental defenders and the violation of the rights of those who most protect the forests: the indigenous and local communities.

At COP27, Brazil will be represented for the first time in three independent pavilions: the federal government, civil society and the governors of the Amazon, the latter an unprecedented initiative to give space to indigenous and local populations. Lula has already received invitations, among others, from the governor of Amapá, Waldez Góes (PDT), president of the Consortium of Governors of the Legal Amazon, and it has been confirmed that he will participate in the conference.

According to Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Brazil, There will be participation of representatives of Federal Government bodies with competencies related to the themes of the event, such as the Ministries of Foreign Affairs (MRE), Environment (MMA) and Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI).

The expectation for COP27 this year is that the participating countries demonstrate their effectiveness, showing projects and cooperation aimed at controlling global warming, but Brazil does not present good results. Despite the fact that the Minister of the Environment, Joaquim Leite, announced at COP26 the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, everything indicates that they have increased in recent years.

blankJoaquim Leite at COP26. Photo: Marcelo Camargo/Agência Brasil

The environmental future of Brazil and the great debt with which it arrives at COP27