Presidential election in Brazil

When measuring the size of the economy of each country by the annual gross domestic product, Brazil is the twelfth largest economy in the world, the second in all of America and the first in Latin America. It is a country with growth potential to be one of the 10 largest economies in the world if they have political stability, clear rules, legal certainty and promotion of production. In Brazil, a population of 211 million inhabitants is estimated with a federalist republican system where they elect their rulers and legislators every four years.

The nominal GDP per capita is estimated at US$7,000, with a population below the poverty line of 30%. It is a developing country where agriculture and agribusiness stands out worldwide in products such as sugar cane, coffee, soybeans (beans, flour and vegetable oil), beef and bovine milk, and others, but also in industry such as aeronautics, metallurgical, coal, oil, ethanol, cement, electronics, consumer products, footwear, automobiles, etc. It exports to China, the United States, Argentina, the Netherlands, Germany, Canada, Japan, Spain, Mexico, Chile, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia and several more. It exports (US$214 billion) more than it imports (US$160 billion).

The second-round presidential elections gave victory, not yet granted by the current president Jair Bolsonaro for investigation of electoral fraud, to Luiz Inácio da Silva (Lula), the metallurgical worker, trade unionist and progressive founder of the Sao Paulo Forum in 1990. Lula was president of the Republic for two consecutive terms from 2003 to 2010. In addition, he was imprisoned for corruption charges in 2017 (including the Odebrecht case), but released in 2019, after 580 days of imprisonment, by a judge of the Supreme Court of Justice who annulled in 2021 all the sentences passed. According to the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, Lula obtained 50.9% of the votes. However, the following day the peaceful protests of Bolsonaro’s followers began, claiming electoral fraud and it is speculated that today, Monday, November 7, the evidence will be presented.

In the first round (October 2), Lula da Silva obtained 48.43% of the votes while Bolsonaro obtained 43.2%. It is important to know that at the level of legislative elections the great winner was the Liberal Party (Bolsonaro), so in the Senate and in Congress they will have a majority, while at the level of state governors Lula’s party only had 10 of 27 elected officials. , with the Liberals having triumphs in key states such as Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, and several others; that is, most state governments.

Brazil, like most countries in Latin America, is very polarized and that is the product of the narrative of the Castrochavista-based left, of which Lula is a founding part, versus the proposal of the conservatives who govern with economic realities looking for frameworks legal and appropriate investment approaches for the development of each country. One reality is that the accusations and evidence in Brazil of corruption of the Lula government and her successor Dilma Rousseff as they have been in Venezuela, Argentina, Bolivia and other countries that follow Castrochavism.

Unfortunately, there is also the medal of corruption in right-wing rulers like Juan Orlando Hernández, from Honduras, and a few others. In the continent there is a political class very discredited by corruption. We must all fight so that people with a history of decency are elected, respected in society with positive management that can be evaluated in what they have performed and a serious proposal for the development of the country with a sustained program. We must be careful with narratives, false promises and aggressive political campaigns without a proposal.

Presidential election in Brazil