“Lula can reposition Brazil as a mediator between the great powers”

Lula closed a high-level international tour. He was invited to Egypt to participate in the Climate Summit where he received more than ten requests for bilateral meetings and then ended up in Portugal where he held meetings with the president and the prime minister.

Lula took advantage of the tour to reinforce his narrative of “Brazil around the world” in the face of what he describes as four years of isolation from Bolsonaro in the great global discussions. The truth is that Lula, as president-elect, had a level of recognition in line with what the recognitions were on election day.

LPO spoke with Diego Azzi, PhD in Sociology from the University of São Paulo (USP) and coordinator of the International Relations course at the Federal University of ABC (UFABC) in Brazil. The academic assures that “for a president-elect who has not yet taken office, the reception and respect that Lula has received from the main powers and international organizations is impressive. This shows how much Brazil has diplomatically isolated itself in the last four years.” .

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“While maintaining the demand for resources from the global South already promised by rich countries, Lula repositioned Brazil as a committed partner in the multilateral climate process,” he added.

For his part, CNN journalist and international analyst, Lourival Sant’ Anna, said that “Lula showed that he understands the moment the world is experiencing in relation to the climate emergency and the role of Brazil in the Amazon. He (Lula ) recalled that in his government and in the beginning of Dilma Rousseff, between 2005 and 2012, there was a brake on deforestation and the GDP of agribusiness grew by 75 percent, making it clear that it is not contradictory”.

For Azzi, “Lula will have to be an international policy of coherence, cooperation and recovery of Brazil’s credibility vis-à-vis its international interlocutors. The US-China and West-Russia polarization presents enormous challenges to a foreign policy that is traditionally positioned in defense of peace, development and social justice”. “But this could put Brazil back in a position of mediator of interest between the great powers and the developing world, speaking not only for itself but also speaking up in defense of countries with less relative power,” he added.

Lula will have to be an international policy of coherence, cooperation and recovery of Brazil’s credibility in front of its international interlocutors. The polarization between the US-China and the West-Russia presents enormous challenges to a foreign policy that is traditionally positioned in defense of peace, development and social justice.

In this sense, Sant ‘Anna affirms that “an external policy similar to the one that his governments have already put into practice. He sought a counterbalance of power with the United States by approaching China, helped the development of African countries and approached the left of Latin America. Surely he will carry out a protectionist economic policy, and he will not advance the European Union-Mercosur agreement or the reduction of the Common External Tariff that Paulo Guedes proposed, but neither Argentina nor the new Brazilian government are interested”. “With the war in Ukraine, he can make less ambivalence and more gestures to Russia because the Workers’ Party says that NATO is responsible for starting the conflict,” he said.

On the idea of ​​”Brazil back”, Azzi maintained that “in terms of discursive symbolism and image it is true. On a practical level, we will have a return to presidential diplomacy in Brazil, something that with Bolsonaro stood out for its negative aspects and results , conflictive. Lula and his negotiation skills can help Itamaraty to recover Brazil’s profile in bilateral, regional and multilateral relations.”

Lula in Egypt with Amazon governors.

In addition, he stressed that “the most important support that Lula can receive at this time in relation to his internal situation is the support of the United States. Clearly demonstrating that the Brazilian government can have a positive cooperation agenda with the Washingtons is an element that It can help provide greater stability in internal politics, while at the same time it can give more space to carry out more autonomous projects in terms of integration and regional coordination and relations with the global South”.

Brazil does not have an important weight. Lula has the fantasy that he can mediate in negotiations and peace processes, but he only has the possibility of sending peace forces to Haiti and other countries, but he is not a great world actor

On this level, the CNN journalist marks a counterpoint and, although he acknowledges that Lula has prestige and recognition with regard to the Amazon, he clarifies that “Brazil does not have significant weight on other issues. Lula has the fantasy that it can mediate in negotiations and peace processes, but it only has the possibility of sending peace forces to Haiti and other countries, but it is not a great global player”.

In relation to the regionalist vocation that the new Lula government will have, Diego Azzi assures that “the region will have a high level of importance and efforts will be put into practice to rebuild the institutionality of Unasur. Much will depend on the international war scenario and the the correlation of internal forces of each of the regional partners. There is a combination of progressive forces in power that one should try to capitalize on quickly.”

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“Lula can reposition Brazil as a mediator between the great powers”