In Brazil, monitoring the performance of the next government

The result of the elections in Brazil outlined a political scenario that requires a repositioning of the parties, the population and the press before Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva as president.

those who voted for him because the Bolsonaro alternative was worse now they are obliged to diligently monitor the performance of the next government, not to exercise a destructive opposition, but to demand public policies that promote economic and social development in a democratic climate and irrefutable honesty. And, on the other hand, the supporters of the Workers’ Party (PT), led by Lula, have the responsibility of keeping an eye on the president’s actions to justify his fidelity to the party and its leader.

Lula and the PT will not deserve forgiveness if they do not face the obstacles to national prosperity that persist from time immemorial and if they do not prioritize areas like the ones mentioned below, which have been neglected for a long time.

If the next government does not promote the issue of the environment in the front line of his actions, he will be completely discredited and the PT will lose its reason for being. The same is likely to happen if the government does not implement a policy aimed at reducing income differences between different sectors of society that is not limited to state welfare.

A correct social equity policy requires tax actions and investments to increase the efficiency and scope of sectors –such as education, health, collective transport, housing and sanitation– that proportionally benefit the lowest-income strata more. What Lula did in his previous mandates was not enough to substantially change the physiognomy of those sectors.

On the other hand, it is essential to seek a normality profile for public accounts, not from the point of view of implacable subjugation of all aspects of national life to fiscal rigor, but in order for the public sector to become fit from the financial point of view to foster economic growth and social equity. Irresponsible public spending, although in the short term it appears to benefit the lower income classes, in the medium and long term it has harmful consequences for them, including because it generates inflationary tendencies.

At the international level, nothing is more important than the rapprochement of Brazil with the countries of Latin America, mainly its neighbors. The maximum political and commercial closeness with the countries of South America, in particular Argentina, is a basic condition for the prosperity and greater global relevance of the region.

The motto of the former National Democratic Union, an important Brazilian political party of the democratic period 1945-1964, was: “The price of freedom is eternal vigilance”. Well, now it is appropriate to affirm: “The price of exemplary governance is eternal vigilance.”

Retired IDB economist, former professor at several Brazilian universities and economic consultant in Washington

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In Brazil, monitoring the performance of the next government