The situation of press freedom in Brazil continues in a “critical state” due to the countless offenses against journalists, mostly from President Jair Bolsonaro, his allies and his family, according to the latest report from the Inter-American Press Association (IAPA). ) disclosed this Sunday.
According to the IAPA, the situation “even worsened” with the start of the electoral campaign before the first round of the presidential elections, with millions of offensive messages against communication professionals, especially women.
The report alludes to data released by the organization Reporters Without Borders (RSF) according to which since August 16, when the electoral campaign began in Brazil, 2.8 million messages with content offensive to journalists have been recorded, the majority in digitally, through social networks.
Of that total, 86% was against professional women from the area and the main victim during the campaign was the journalist Vera Magalhaes, a columnist for the newspaper O Globo and the CBN station and presenter for TV Cultura, who was personally offended by Bolsonaro during the campaign. first televised debate of the candidates before the first round.
THE MOST EMBLEMATIC CASE
The IAPA report also refers to the alerts collected by the Brazilian Association of Investigative Journalism (Abraji) according to which of the total alerts collected this year (353), 81 were serious cases “with physical violence, material destruction of equipment of work, threats and murders”.
The murder of British journalist Dom Phillips, a contributor to The Guardian newspaper, was considered by the IAPA as the most emblematic case of violence against journalists in Brazil.
Phillips was murdered along with Brazilian indigenist Bruno Pereira in early June in the Amazon jungle, where they were carrying out an investigation into illegal weighing, hunting and mining.
Disappeared since June 5, their bodies were found ten days later on the banks of the Itaquaí River.
Decisions of the Justice against some journalistic investigations, which were considered as censorship, were also mentioned in the report.
The IAPA pointed out that among the cases registered in the last six months, one of the “most flagrant” was that of the Court of Justice of the Federal District and Territories, which ordered the UOL portal to remove from the air two articles on reports for payment with money in cash in 51 of the 107 properties acquired by the Bolsonaro family in the last 30 years.
The report also refers to a case by the newspaper O Estado de Sao Paulo for an article about a shooting club.
Although in both cases the Supreme Court annulled the sentences, “the media expressed their concern that the judges of first instance do not respect the constitutional principle, even after repeated sentences of the highest court of the country against judicial censorship in recent years”, points out the SIP.