Fraud in Brazil: there is no evidence to confirm that the election was “hacked”

Brazil elected president for the period 2023-2026 in a ballot held on October 30 between the current president Jair Bolsonario and his predecessor Luiz Inácio “Lula” da Silva, who was the winner by 50.90% of the votes against 49.10%. The vote, like all of them for 26 years, was carried out in that country through electronic ballot boxes. The result is being used by misinformers to affirm, without evidence, that electoral fraud was committed through the “hacking” of the electronic vote or “algorithms” in the count. Nevertheless, no evidence on this.

Electronic voting machines in Brazil they do not allow remote connection, nor has this system been subject to fraud since its implementation in 1996according to the Regional Electoral Court of Sao Paulo.

Also, as published in this note of checked, the system has high internal legitimacy among the parties and all have consented to the electoral resultseven in the most disputed runoff in the history of Brazil: Dilma Rousseff, of the Workers’ Party (PT), against Aecio Neves, of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB), in 2014. Neves acknowledged the result and congratulated Dilma.

The PSDB then presented a written to do a special audit of the pollsalthough he clarified that it was not in order to delegitimize the result or recount the votes but to discard theories about a hypothetical fraud.

President Bolsonaro also did not question the result in his first public appearance after the defeat against Lula suffered in the second electoral round. Neither did his officials and even anticipated his predisposition to the transition of government.

What do the contents say about fraud in Brazil

What published Factchecked in this note, Republican congressmen and other conservative spokesmen in the United States have amplified some disinformation content that seeks to cast doubt on the validity of the Brazilian elections.

For example, the ally of former President Donald Trump Mike Lindell (who also promotes the slogan called “Big Lie” of the alleged fraud in the 2020 elections in the United States) shared in TruthSocial and on his social network Frank Speech videos of protests in Brazil accompanied by the message: “Millions take to the streets in Brazil to protest against the election that was stolen from its President with the Smatmatic voting machines” (sic).

Nevertheless, Smartmatic has neither provided the electronic voting machines nor does it have access to the 2022 election system, as Agência Lupa could verify.

In turn, Tucker Carlson, a Fox News presenter who is used to sharing conspiracy theories, has referred to Lula’s victory as the candidate who “supposedly won”; His comments were subtitled in Spanish and shared by the portal La Derecha Radio.

A search in Google Trends shows that from the United States the word “fraud” was generating interest in relation to the Brazilian elections. The trend is similar to the English search “brazil fraud”.

At the same time, the Spanish fact checking medium Maldita indicated that they circulate on social networks various contents who assure that the last electoral process in Brazil suffered “the attack of hackers”for which electoral fraud would have been committed.

Why is what is claimed false?

To do this, they spread without context a supposed map that would show “the cyber threat in real time”, to ensure that the elections would have been the object of cyber attacks. But the map that is shared is, in fact, from global monitoring, unrelated to the Brazilian electionsthat makes the cybersecurity company Kaspersky in real time from your data.

This map shows the different types of threats and the detection mechanisms in an updated way, but if we look at these data there is no evidence that these attacks have occurred against electronic voting machines, nor that Brazil has been the victim of an excessive number of attacks during election day compared to the rest of the world. The map is constantly updated, and you can see how Brazil, like the rest of the countries in the world, suffers from these attacks.

Also, hacking is impossible: The electronic ballot box in Brazil does not have an internet connection, neither by bluetooth nor to any network.

“The ballot box issues a record at the beginning to notify that the memory is at zero, then each citizen places the number, the photo of the candidate appears, he confirms. In the afternoon, when the voting ends, the machine issues another paper act to close the process. The authorities extract the memory, a flash drive, which is connected to a device to transmit the votes. From a technological point of view, the system is primitive enough to be secure”, highlighted in dialogue with checked Alexander Tullio, election specialist and former director of the National Electoral Directorate (DINE) of the Ministry of the Interior between 2001 and 2015.

On May 13, 2022, the Brazilian Superior Electoral Tribunal (TSE), the body in charge of organizing and carrying out electoral processes in Brazil, carried out the sixth edition of the Public Security Test of the Electronic Voting System.

During the tests, the vulnerabilities detected in previous editions were corrected, and none of the attacks managed to compromise the integrity of electronic votingreported the agency.

In addition, the TSE itself has insisted in a note updated on September 17 that since the electronic voting system was implemented in Brazil no case of fraud has ever been recorded election through this system.

“The allegations that seek to question the reliability of the electronic voting system are all based on facts taken out of context, false or distortedwhich have already been exhaustively examined by the Public Ministry and the Electoral Justice and, at the same time, denied”, they affirm from the TSE, according to this damn check.

No, Lula did not win the elections thanks to an “algorithm”

Other content is also disseminated that ensures, based on the follow-up of the second round vote, that Lula’s victory is due to an “algorithm.” With messages like “it is IMPOSSIBLE that in 1 hour the communist narco pedophile has risen more than 12%!!!!” (sic) or as “they have already pressed the button”, these contents denounce an alleged electoral fraud based solely on the difference in votes during the count.

Some accusations that were already spread during the first round, with messages that describe an alleged “algorithm” with which electoral fraud would be committed. “For every 12% count, Lula rises 1% and Bolsonaro falls 0.5%”, these messages reproduced during the first electoral round held on October 2.

A narrative that returns, with texts that assure that “the same pattern was repeated in both elections in Brazil” since on both occasions “at 70% of the count the result was reversed.”“Smartmatic fraud”, insists this publicationalluding to this company, which specializes in technology applied to electoral processes.

Other contents followed the scrutiny throughout election day, with messages such as “we know how it ends, with fraud throughout [Joe] Biden.” These contents also assured on different occasions throughout the scrutiny that “they begin to activate the program of the rigging”, to later ensure that “the program of the rigging does not manage to cut”. “The program is rigged to cut 10-15,000 votes for every 1% of scrutiny”, they began to assure these messages when the trend began to reverse, to later change this figure. “By pressing the button twice, cut 30,000 votes for every 1% of scrutiny”, these publications affect, without any type of proof.

But as he claims Brazilian fact checking medium Comprova, in the first round there was no algorithm that gave Lula the advantage at every 12% of the countas the experts consulted by this initiative point out.

check also denied that the counting of votes from 70% was outsourcedwhich would lead to possible electoral fraud according to some publications.

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Fraud in Brazil: there is no evidence to confirm that the election was “hacked” – Checked