Brazil. Post

Luna comes back. On January 7, our article “Latin America moves away from neoliberalism” predicted that at least 12 of the 20 Spanish- or Portuguese-speaking countries would very likely this year have rulers declaredly opposed to the neoliberal program that has prevailed in the continent in the last 30 years. With Petro (Colombia) and Lula (Brazil), this prognosis has been fulfilled, and even exceeded, if one considers the center-right rulers who are trying some (timid) reforms that move away from said program.

The emerging scenario is heterogeneous. It is not a common and compact project in terms of ideology or politics. Most of the new rulers have led varied alliances and coalitions with the specificities of each country. Several do not have a parliamentary majority. The social and economic structure, and the political dynamics, beyond the cultural and historical similarities, show important differences. They share their commitment to deeply felt social demands, in this continent that breaks world records of inequality, and the conviction of necessary economic and social reforms that contribute to returning to the path of prosperity, but this time with a strong aspiration of solidarity and equity.

The international situation has opened up new opportunities, but it presents significant challenges and uncertainty. World economic crisis is predicted. The weakening of the hegemonies of the unipolar world and the possible emergence of a multipolar world system produce turbulence. The deterioration of the authority of international institutions poses risks of a new global conflagration. The failure of the “war on drugs”. Global warming and environmental deterioration of the planet due to rampant extractivism, among other issues, make up a complex and frightening world scenario. Despair spreads. Latin America emerges, however, as a beacon of hope, even beyond its borders.

We discuss hopes for a better world, more prosperous and equitable societies, more participatory democracies. Rescuing democracy, rescuing politics itself, seem to be a common desire of our populations, beyond the disenchantment and frustration generated by the concentration of wealth, patronage and its accompanying corruption, which degrade democracy, parties and business sectors.

A common feature of the new victorious Presidents has been their ability and flexibility to interpret priority aspirations and expectations of the populations and, beyond ideological differences, unite around reformist programs. Confluences of heterogeneous sectors that value democracy, rights and public freedoms and aspire to a better life. Another common feature is the commitment to innovate to try to overcome the various and simultaneous crises that have characterized the neoliberal context. Break the structural ties that hold back the development of the productive forces and keep large sectors of the population in misery and poverty. Reduce social and cultural exclusions with effective social policies of a universal nature and based on rights. Rescue and protect ecological systems (such as the Amazon rainforest and large rivers), whose deterioration has put life on the planet at risk. Overcome the approach of “preventive war” and confrontation, for tolerance and search for coincidences, with respect for cultural and political diversity, and the right of each people to freely decide their own political destiny.

Democracy, participation, respect for diversity and our cultural values, social justice, development of productive forces, better distribution of wealth, respect for the environment, recognition of citizen rights, strengthening of the culture of each sector and people, peaceful resolution of conflicts and differences, revaluation of peace and electoral processes, and a new type of political activity, more committed to values ​​and principles, are common flags that wave victoriously on the continent. In essence, they are unfulfilled promises of liberal democracy, some of them proclaimed by the founders of our nationalities, since the 19th century; others correspond to the democratic programs that confronted the dictatorships of the last century; and some are linked to new ideas about the role of the state in economic and social development, emerging in today’s international academic world.

Latin America seems to shout to a world submerged in crisis and conflicts that spread despair to humanity, that it is possible to advance reforms, progress with equity, deepening democracy, freedoms, tolerance and peace, with unity in diversity. Beyond the ideological and political differences, there is a world of possibilities for encounters between those who open doors to the hope of a better world.

Hopes are also reborn for a more active, coordinated presence linked to common Latin American interests in the complex contemporary world scenario. That Latin American confluence spaces be revived and to strengthen economic and political relations based on complementarity and mutual interest, without hegemonism. It is possible that the voice of Latin America contributes to dismantling the military, economic, ecological, social and cultural risks that threaten humanity. There will be setbacks, errors, advances and setbacks, but hope is being reborn

Brazil. Post-neoliberalism advances in Latin America