Brazilian fresh fruit exports set a record in 2021, both in volume and revenue, exceeding 1,210 million dollars, 20.39% more than the value of exports in the twelve months of 2020. The total volume of fruit fresh shipped abroad was 1.24 million tons, 18.13% more than in the same period of the previous year.
Among the fruits most exported by Brazil in 2021 are mangoes, with 248 million dollars, corresponding to 20% of the total exported in the year; melons, with 165 million dollars, which represent 14%; grapes, with 155.9 million dollars, representing 13%; walnuts and chestnuts, with 151.9 million dollars (13%); lemons and limes, with $123.8 million and a 10% stake.
Brazilian fruit exports in 2021 were mainly destined for the European Union (48%), the United States (16%), the United Kingdom (14%), Argentina (4%) and Canada (3%).
According to data from the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Trade, this year (from January to September) Brazil exported 614,000 tons of fresh fruit, 16.7% less than in the same period of 2021.
See below the trajectory of Brazilian exports of fresh fruit in containers from January 2019 to September 2022. The data is from DataLiner.
Fresh fruit exports | January 2019 – Sep 2022 | TEU
In terms of revenue, almost $585.5 million was collected, representing a decrease of 16.1%. Although the last months of the year are traditionally intense in terms of shipments of the important fruits of the Brazilian export range (such as mangoes, melons, watermelons and grapes), the sector does not expect a full recovery from the lower performance recorded so far.
“There are many factors that explain the lower performance this year, including the protest by the Federal Revenue auditors, which created obstacles in strategic areas for the sector. I believe that the fresh fruit market will grow next year, especially if we take measures to strengthen the market”, continues Pizzamiglio.
Several factors have made the 2022 scenario difficult, among them the war, in which the economic embargo imposed by several countries on Russia (due to the invasion of Ukraine) caused an excess production of fruit in traditional buyers in Brazil, such as the European Union. In addition, the war increased the prices of fertilizers, increasing production costs in Brazil and limiting the competitiveness of some fruits.
The logistical restriction has been another aggravating factor; the lack of ships and containers and the high freight rates (maritime and road) have limited business opportunities in 2022. The price of most fruits has not readjusted in the same proportion as the costs, which translates into lower margins. The exchange rate has also limited the profitability of the exporter in 2022.
“Furthermore, the end of the year has been marked by the volatility of the currency, which is causing concern among Brazilian fruit producers. We will have to be attentive to the reaction of the foreign market, especially taking into account the increase in tensions in the military conflict in Europe”, he concludes.